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The overheat value is set to 85 degrees by default and can be changed with: --temp-overheat e. As a lower clock speed limit, the auto-gpu mode checks the GPU card's "normal" clock speed and will not go below this unless you have manually set a lower speed in the range. Also, unless a higher clock speed was specified at startup, it will not raise the clockspeed. If the temperature climbs, fanspeed is adjusted and optimised before GPU engine clockspeed is adjusted.
If fan speed control is not available or already optimal, then GPU clock speed is only decreased if it goes over the target temperature by the hysteresis amount, which is set to 3 by default and can be changed with: --temp-hysteresis If the temperature drops below the target temperature, and engine clock speed is not at the highest level set at startup, cgminer will raise the clock speed. If at any time you manually set an even higher clock speed successfully in cgminer, it will record this value and use it as its new upper limit and the same for low clock speeds and lower limits.
If the temperature goes over the cutoff limit 95 degrees by default , cgminer will completely disable the GPU from mining and it will not be re-enabled unless manually done so. The cutoff temperature can be changed with: --temp-cutoff e. In this example, it will set the memory speed to be Mhz lower than the GPU speed. This is useful for some cards like the which normally don't allow a bigger clock speed difference.
As the performance profile changes dynamically, querying the "current" value on the card can be wrong as well. So when changing values in cgminer, after a pause of 1 second, it will report to you the current values where you should check that your change has taken. An example is that reference cards will accept low memory values but refuse to actually run those lower memory values unless they're within of the engine clock speed. In that scenario, they usually set their real speed back to their default.
Cgminer reports the so-called "safe" range of whatever it is you are modifying when you ask to modify it on the fly. However, you can change settings to values outside this range. Despite this, the card can easily refuse to accept your changes, or worse, to accept your changes and then silently ignore them. Being very conscious of these possible failures is why cgminer will report back the current values for you to examine how exactly the card has responded.
Even within the reported range of accepted values by the card, it is very easy to crash just about any card, so it cannot use those values to determine what range to set. You have to provide something meaningful manually for cgminer to work with through experimentation. When quitting cgminer, it will then try to restore the original values.
Changing settings outside of cgminer while it's running may be reset to the startup cgminer values when cgminer shuts down because of this. Xorg up and running configured for all devices that will mine on linux etc. It is possible that this will fail for the following reasons: 1. The default will work the vast majority of the time unless you know you have a problem already.
To get useful information, start cgminer with just the -n option. If devices 1 and 2 were different between Tahiti and Cayman, you could run cgminer with: --gpu-map , And it would swap the monitoring it received from ADL device 1 and put it to opencl device 2 and vice versa. A: Older versions of libncurses have a bug to do with refreshing a window after a size change.
Upgrading to a new version of curses will fix it. Q: Can I mine on servers from different networks eg smartcoin and bitcoin at the same time? A: No, cgminer keeps a database of the block it's working on to ensure it does not work on stale blocks, and having different blocks from two networks would make it invalidate the work from each other. A: Yes, pass a list separated by commas such as -I d,4,9,9 Q: Can I put multiple pools in the config file? A: Yes, check the example. Q: The build fails with gcc is unable to build a binary.
Q: The CPU usage is high. A: The ATI drivers after Driver version Note that later drivers may have an apparent return of high CPU usage. Q: Can you implement feature X? A: I can, but time is limited, and people who donate are more likely to get their feature requests implemented.
A: The more aggressively the mining software uses your GPU, the less overclock you will be able to run. You are more likely to hit your limits with cgminer and you will find you may need to overclock your GPU less aggressively. The software cannot be responsible and make your GPU hang directly.
If you simply cannot get it to ever stop hanging, try decreasing the intensity, and if even that fails, try changing to the poclbm kernel with -k poclbm, though you will sacrifice performance. It tries to restart them with a separate thread and if that separate thread dies, it gives up trying to restart any more GPUs. Q: Work keeps going to my backup pool even though my primary pool hasn't failed?
A: Cgminer checks for conditions where the primary pool is lagging and will pass some work to the backup servers under those conditions. The reason for doing this is to try its absolute best to keep the GPUs working on something useful and not risk idle periods. You can disable this behaviour with the option --failover-only. Q: Is this a virus?
A: Cgminer is being packaged with other trojan scripts and some antivirus software is falsely accusing cgminer. If you installed cgminer yourself, then you do not have a virus on your computer. Complain to your antivirus software company. They seem to be flagging even source code now from cgminer as viruses, even though text source files can't do anything by themself. Q: Can you modify the display to include more of one thing in the output and less of another, or can you change the quiet mode or can you add yet another output mode?
A: Everyone will always have their own view of what's important to monitor. The defaults are very sane and I have very little interest in changing this any further. A: The defaults are sane and safe. I'm not interested in changing them further. A: Efficiency simply means how many shares you return for the amount of work you request.
Most user defined settings lead to worse performance. Q: What happened to CPU mining? A: Being increasingly irrelevant for most users, and a maintenance issue, it is no longer under active development and will not be supported unless someone steps up to help maintain it. Q: I upgraded cgminer version and my hashrate suddenly dropped! A: No, you upgraded your SDK version unwittingly between upgrades of cgminer and that caused your hashrate to drop.
See the next question. A: The hashrate performance in cgminer is tied to the version of the ATI SDK that is installed only for the very first time cgminer is run. This generates binaries that are used by the GPU every time after that. Any upgrades to the SDK after that time will have no effect on the binaries.
However, if you install a fresh version of cgminer, and have since upgraded your SDK, new binaries will be built. It is known that the 2. Altcoins can be autotraded to Bitcoin. Whether not you use our Cloud Mining your own. N 4 how to start mining Bitcoin linux. Maybe their front isn t working like happened in the past they have technicals other issue yes. Geforce gtx BTC mining 15 godzin temu Bitcoin mining finite; simple Bitcoin mining software; como minerar Bitcoin gratis; obtener Bitcoin gratis; free Bitcoin coupon code; earn lots of Bitcoin; gagner.
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Nushor litecoin faucets This will 1 create DAG 2 start downloading blockchain 3 mine.
That is a great many hashes. If you want to estimate how much bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the site Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator. In addition to lining the pockets of miners and supporting the bitcoin ecosystem, mining serves another vital purpose: It is the only way to release new cryptocurrency into circulation. In other words, miners are basically "minting" currency. For example, as of Nov. In the absence of miners, Bitcoin as a network would still exist and be usable, but there would never be any additional bitcoin.
There will eventually come a time when Bitcoin mining ends; per the Bitcoin Protocol, the total number of bitcoins will be capped at 21 million. This does not mean that transactions will cease to be verified. Miners will continue to verify transactions and will be paid in fees for doing so in order to keep the integrity of Bitcoin's network. Aside from the short-term Bitcoin payoff, being a coin miner can give you "voting" power when changes are proposed in the Bitcoin network protocol.
The rewards for bitcoin mining are reduced by half every four years. When bitcoin was first mined in , mining one block would earn you 50 BTC. In , this was halved to 25 BTC. By , this was halved again to If you want to keep track of precisely when these halvings will occur, you can consult the Bitcoin Clock , which updates this information in real-time. Interestingly, the market price of bitcoin has, throughout its history, tended to correspond closely to the reduction of new coins entered into circulation.
This lowering inflation rate increased scarcity and historically the price has risen with it. Although early on in Bitcoin's history individuals may have been able to compete for blocks with a regular at-home computer, this is no longer the case. The reason for this is that the difficulty of mining Bitcoin changes over time. In order to ensure the smooth functioning of the blockchain and its ability to process and verify transactions, the Bitcoin network aims to have one block produced every 10 minutes or so.
However, if there are one million mining rigs competing to solve the hash problem, they'll likely reach a solution faster than a scenario in which 10 mining rigs are working on the same problem. For that reason, Bitcoin is designed to evaluate and adjust the difficulty of mining every 2, blocks, or roughly every two weeks. When there is more computing power collectively working to mine for Bitcoin, the difficulty level of mining increases in order to keep block production at a stable rate.
Less computing power means the difficulty level decreases. To get a sense of just how much computing power is involved, when Bitcoin launched in the initial difficulty level was one. As of Nov. All of this is to say that, in order to mine competitively, miners must now invest in powerful computer equipment like a GPU graphics processing unit or, more realistically, an application-specific integrated circuit ASIC.
The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular blocks with whirring fans. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal pole. This is probably not the most efficient way to mine, and as you can guess, many miners are in it as much for the fun and challenge as for the money. The ins and outs of bitcoin mining can be difficult to understand as is. And there is no limit to how many guesses they get. Let's say I'm thinking of the number There is no "extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of Now imagine that I pose the "guess what number I'm thinking of" question, but I'm not asking just three friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and Rather, I'm asking millions of would-be miners and I'm thinking of a digit hexadecimal number.
Now you see that it's going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer. In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day, there can only be one winning answer. Typically, it is the miner who has done the most work or, in other words, the one that verifies the most transactions. The losing block then becomes an " orphan block. Miners who successfully solve the hash problem but who haven't verified the most transactions are not rewarded with bitcoin.
Well, here is an example of such a number:. The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that? To understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the word "hexadecimal.
As you know, we use the "decimal" system, which means it is base This, in turn, means that every digit of a multi-digit number has 10 possibilities, zero through nine. In a hexadecimal system, each digit has 16 possibilities. But our numeric system only offers 10 ways of representing numbers zero through nine.
That's why you have to stick letters in, specifically letters a, b, c, d, e, and f. If you are mining bitcoin, you do not need to calculate the total value of that digit number the hash. I repeat: You do not need to calculate the total value of a hash. Remember that ELI5 analogy, where I wrote the number 19 on a piece of paper and put it in a sealed envelope?
In bitcoin mining terms, that metaphorical undisclosed number in the envelope is called the target hash. What miners are doing with those huge computers and dozens of cooling fans is guessing at the target hash. A nonce is short for "number only used once," and the nonce is the key to generating these bit hexadecimal numbers I keep talking about.
In Bitcoin mining, a nonce is 32 bits in size—much smaller than the hash, which is bits. In theory, you could achieve the same goal by rolling a sided die 64 times to arrive at random numbers, but why on earth would you want to do that? The screenshot below, taken from the site Blockchain. You are looking at a summary of everything that happened when block was mined. The nonce that generated the "winning" hash was The target hash is shown on top. The term "Relayed by Antpool" refers to the fact that this particular block was completed by AntPool, one of the more successful mining pools more about mining pools below.
As you see here, their contribution to the Bitcoin community is that they confirmed transactions for this block. If you really want to see all of those transactions for this block, go to this page and scroll down to the heading "Transactions. All target hashes begin with zeros—at least eight zeros and up to 63 zeros.
There is no minimum target, but there is a maximum target set by the Bitcoin Protocol. No target can be greater than this number:. Here are some examples of randomized hashes and the criteria for whether they will lead to success for the miner:. You'd have to get a fast mining rig, or, more realistically, join a mining pool—a group of coin miners who combine their computing power and split the mined bitcoin.
Mining pools are comparable to those Powerball clubs whose members buy lottery tickets en masse and agree to share any winnings. A disproportionately large number of blocks are mined by pools rather than by individual miners.
In other words, it's literally just a numbers game. You cannot guess the pattern or make a prediction based on previous target hashes. Not great odds if you're working on your own, even with a tremendously powerful mining rig. Not only do miners have to factor in the costs associated with expensive equipment necessary to stand a chance of solving a hash problem.
They must also consider the significant amount of electrical power mining rigs utilize in generating vast quantities of nonces in search of the solution. All told, bitcoin mining is largely unprofitable for most individual miners as of this writing.
Source: Cryptocompare. Mining rewards are paid to the miner who discovers a solution to the puzzle first, and the probability that a participant will be the one to discover the solution is equal to the portion of the total mining power on the network. Participants with a small percentage of the mining power stand a very small chance of discovering the next block on their own.
For instance, a mining card that one could purchase for a couple of thousand dollars would represent less than 0. With such a small chance at finding the next block, it could be a long time before that miner finds a block, and the difficulty going up makes things even worse. The miner may never recoup their investment. The answer to this problem is mining pools. By working together in a pool and sharing the payouts among all participants, miners can get a steady flow of bitcoin starting the day they activate their miner.
The more computing power you contribute then the greater your share of the reward. Sometimes you may want to mine a more volatile altcoin like MWC which is superior for scalability, privacy, anonymity and fungibility by utilizing MimbleWimble in the base layer.
Today, you can purchase most hardware on Amazon. You also may want to check the bitcoin charts. How To Start Bitcoin Mining To begin mining bitcoins , you'll need to acquire bitcoin mining hardware. In the early days of bitcoin, it was possible to mine with your computer CPU or high speed video processor card. Today that's no longer possible. Custom Bitcoin ASIC chips offer performance up to x the capability of older systems have come to dominate the Bitcoin mining industry.
Bitcoin mining with anything less will consume more in electricity than you are likely to earn. It's essential to mine bitcoins with the best bitcoin mining hardware built specifically for that purpose. Several companies such as Avalon offer excellent systems built specifically for bitcoin mining.
This greatly simplifies the process but increases risk because you do not control the actual physical hardware. Being listed in this section is NOT an endorsement of these services. There have been a tremendous amount of Bitcoin cloud mining scams. Genesis Mining offers three Bitcoin cloud mining plans that are reasonably priced. Zcash mining contracts are also available. Hashing 24 Review : Hashing24 has been involved with Bitcoin mining since They have facilities in Iceland and Georgia.
Minex Review : Minex is an innovative aggregator of blockchain projects presented in an economic simulation game format. Users purchase Cloudpacks which can then be used to build an index from pre-picked sets of cloud mining farms, lotteries, casinos, real-world markets and much more. Minergate Review: Offers both pool and merged mining and cloud mining services for Bitcoin. Hashnest Review : Hashnest is operated by Bitmain, the producer of the Antminer line of Bitcoin miners.
HashNest currently has over Antminer S7s for rent. You can view the most up-to-date pricing and availability on Hashnest's website. NiceHash Review: NiceHash is unique in that it uses an orderbook to match mining contract buyers and sellers.
Check its website for up-to-date prices. Eobot claims customers can break even in 14 months. Some miners available for rent include AntMiner S4s and S5s. Currently, based on 1 price per hash and 2 electrical efficiency the best Bitcoin miner options are:. Once you've received your bitcoin mining hardware, you'll need to download a special program used for Bitcoin mining.
There are many programs out there that can be used for Bitcoin mining, but the two most popular are CGminer and BFGminer which are command line programs.
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