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Top brands work with BBVA Open Platform to optimize their user experience on top of API- powered banking and payments solutions designed for the platform economy and provided by leading U. The Buffett Indicator has gone haywire of late. The change to the tax code could allow millions of working families to save thousands on their taxes, but only if they are savvy about how they file this year. Investors have been fixated on growth companies over the past year, and one segment which has been on the rise is the fledgling cannabis industry.

The sector offers a unique proposition and the prospect of further growth, as there is still a major catalyst on the horizon which will completely alter the industry. As expected, a Democrat led senate has been good news for those banking on marijuana reform at the federal level; And it looks like the anticipated changes could happen faster than initially expected. The statement feeds expectations that the Democratic Congressional majority will pass — and that President Biden will sign — a bill to legalize marijuana.

Investors are also looking at further state-level legalization moves; one key state in this regard is New York. So, the cannabis industry is looking up. There is an expanding network of state legalization regimes, and expectations of a change in federal policy; both are putting upward pressure on cannabis shares. Both have posted impressive year-to-date performances, and stand to rise even more in the year ahead. The company started out as a farmer, producing high-quality greenhouse vegetables year-round for sale in the North American market.

That background fit the company well for a transition to the cannabis industry — Village Farms has experience in greenhouse production and industrial-scale growing. Two important pieces of news precipitated the surge since the end of January. The move increases the international reach of Village Farms, and its ability to increase Altum holdings in the future. The company was able to fund these moves because it had a successful equity sale in January, putting an additional In addition to its strong capital and expansion positions, Village Farms has been reporting solid financial results.

VFF has historically been undervalued compared to less profitable peers, but we expect shares to continue working higher … as the prospect for US reform increases throughout the year. The company is involved in both the medical and recreational sides of the market, and both grows and produces cannabis and markets a range of products through numerous brand names. Growth has been fueled by expansion of the cultivation operations in California and Pennsylvania, and by the move into the adult-use recreational market in New Jersey.

Last month, TerrAscend closed a non-brokered private placement stock sale, putting more than 18 million common shares on the market. We have been bullish on the company since initiating coverage last year and are happy to say the TRSSF team has exceeded our expectations, generating rapid increases in margins and operating leverage that have earned them a place solidly in the Top Tier of MSOs," Des Lauriers noted.

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the featured analysts. The content is intended to be used for informational purposes only. It is very important to do your own analysis before making any investment. Retirement account owners have long had trouble translating the money in their k into income.

For all the attention given to the argument that the stock market is in a bubble, it is important to point out that not everyone shares that view. In a monthly webinar, Wood made the argument against stocks being in a bubble. Bloomberg -- Apple Inc. The secret project has gained momentum in recent months, adding multiple former Tesla Inc. The initiative, known as Project Titan inside Apple, is attracting intense interest because of its potential to upend the automotive industry and supply chains, much like the iPhone did to the smartphone market.

The following companies -- whose representatives declined to comment -- are possible candidates:FoxconnFoxconn Technology Group already has a close relationship with Apple. For well over a decade, it has been the U. It also plans to release a solid-state battery by MagnaMagna, based in Ontario, Canada, is the third-largest auto supplier in the world by sales, and has a contract-manufacturing operation with years of experience making entire car models for a variety of auto brands.

Magna produces everything from chassis and car seats to sensors and software for driver-assistance features. Magna also pitches its engineering and manufacturing services to EV startups. Last fall, it agreed to provide Fisker Inc. Hyundai or KiaHyundai Motor Co. Hyundai and Kia both have plants in the U.

While the two sell EVs derived from existing models, they will start selling vehicles based on the dedicated EV platform from March, helping to bring down costs and improve performance efficiency. They plan to introduce a combined 23 new EV models and sell 1 million units globally by The big disadvantage Hyundai and Kia have is the recent back-and-forth on whether they are developing a car for Apple, a notoriously secretive company.

After pursuing a strategy of volume at any cost that ate into profit, Nissan needs to attract higher-paying customers largely with the technology inside of its cars. StellantisOne factor in determining the suitability of a partner for Apple may be availability of production capacity.

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You can find Bitcoin mining equipment for sale on eBay. Bitcoin is based on blockchain technology, a decentralized platform which takes power away from a central authority and gives it to the average person. Sensitive information is stored on the blockchain rather than large data centers, and is cryptographically secured.

A vast amount of people, known as miners, all work together to validate the network, instead of just one person or government. In the beginning, CPU s were used to solve cryptographic hash functions , until miners discovered that GPU s were far better equipped for mining.

As block difficulty increased, miners turned primarily to GPUs. Their hashrates are significantly higher than anything GPUs are capable of. With stellar performance comes a high price tag — the best ASIC chips will run you a few thousand dollars each.

Upon creation, Bitcoin blocks were confirmed by the average person using their desktop — once ASICs hit the market, things changed. ASIC developers, including Bitmain, granted early access to large mining cartels rather than the average person. Nowadays, a large majority of Bitcoin mining takes place in China where electricity is cheap.

Thousands of ASICs all mine simultaneously in a mining farm large warehouse. Unfortunately, Bitcoin is no longer as decentralized as it was once intended to be. Buy Antminer S7 on eBay. The S7 is also a popular choice among hobbyist miners for its reasonable price and strong performance. The strong metal casing features a tongue and groove system which allows for the neat arrangement of multiple miners.

The APW3 requires a minimum Volts to function and does not ship with the necessary 16A power cord. While an integral PSU makes for a compact and convenient miner, there are few other reasons to recommend such a setup. The S7-LN also excludes a cord. Note: Before you buy an Antminer S7 make sure you already have Bitcoin mining software and a Bitcoin mining pool. These prices can be expected to fall further as the S9 and other superior mining hardware becomes the new standard.

With careful tweaking, it may be possible to profit from an S7 even at 15c power. The same calculations adjusted for the Hash Rate and Power consumption of the S7-LN produces slightly more encouraging results:. Naturally, the hotter the environment, the more energy the fan s will consume to cool the unit. The S7 is twice as efficient as the S5 at converting all this energy into bitcoins; it requires a modest 0. Setting them up via the MinerLink GUI is a simple process, requiring only your mining pool credentials to begin mining.

The units will automatically begin hashing upon powering up, which can be helpful in the event of power failure. S7 connectivity is via Ethernet only. They are both cooled by dual fans. A dry basement is an ideal location. This peak was reached on May 24 th Such tremendous growth has been spurred by major investment into Bitcoin mining technology and operations.

Profits have accumulated where mining is most profitable China , with the result that several competing operations eg. KNC have been forced out of the industry. We have tried to calculate the amount of money that the Chinese have invested in mining, we estimate it to be in the hundreds of millions of dollars.

Even with free electricity we cannot see how they will ever get this money back. The same Chinese competitive advantage has been doubly effective at squeezing the profit-dependent hobbyist miner from the market. With the block reward halving looming, the profitability of all but the most efficient operations will likely be challenged.

Given that profits derived from the current generation of mining hardware are dwindling and will likely reach negative returns post-halving:. Can the new S9 change the game for smaller and hobby miners and restore their lost profitability? Note: Before you buy an Antminer S9 make sure you already have Bitcoin mining software and a Bitcoin mining pool.

The first batch of S9s will be available for order directly from Bitmain from the 12 th of June. However, the lower your electricity costs, the better your odds of the miner paying for itself within a reasonable timeframe. Judging value in this space is a complicated exercise, although it would appear that nothing vastly technologically-superior to the S9 is likely to be released in the near future. The release cycle of a new generation of mining hardware every few months is likely to decelerate from this point on, as manufacturers have transitioned to cutting-edge 16 and 14nm designs.

The on-going miniaturisation of semiconductors allows ever greater computing power and electrical efficiency, but the process cannot continue forever with the current technology. The 16 nm fabrication process used in the manufacture of the S9 is a major improvement upon the 28 nm design common to other modern mining devices. Although a 10nm process is on the horizon for , further increases beyond that remain theoretical.

Further, the design and manufacture of any 10nm Bitcoin mining hardware is likely to take at least a year. Our guide on the best bitcoin wallets will help you get one fast and for free. Read it here! The good news is that existing power supplies, at least those of sufficient wattage, are fully compatible with the S9. A total of chips, spread over 3 circuit boards, are combined to achieve this phenomenal hashrate. Note that Power Cost will be specific to your location and that Difficulty changes every 2 weeks, usually to the upside….

Your Pool Fees will be determined by your mining pool; although the S9 is plenty powerful, a single unit is highly unlikely to find any blocks when solo-mining. Of course, such impressive results assume all factors stay constant which is hugely improbable in the ever-changing world of Bitcoin! The cutting-edge manufacturing process is what makes the S9 the most electrically-efficient mining device to date.

It uses a mere 0. The S9 consumes about W more than the S7. Apart from the power supply, the S9 is a self-contained unit. It requires no connection to another computer to interface with other Bitcoin nodes. The S9 performs reliably in any well-ventilated space, whether a single or several unit s kept in a spare room or hundreds to thousands of units in a large mining center. On the other hand, the halving could bring about a higher Bitcoin price and reduced competition, increasing profitability.

It is likely to remain profitable for far longer than previous generations of ASIC miner, although ROI cannot be guaranteed given the inherent unpredictability of Bitcoin mining. Bitmain is regarded as one of the most influential companies in the ASIC mining industry.

Halong Mining is no longer around. It seems they could not compete with the already established ASIC manufacturers, most likely because they could never fill their orders and get the partsd they needed to produce enough miners to make money. The DragonMint W power supply is strongly recommended, though not mandatory. Each miner requires its own individual power supply.

Professional mining hardware runs optimally at V, hence why mining farms step down their own electricity supply to V. In any case, it would be a good idea to buy the DragonMint power supply. These PSUs will get the job done, but they are not ideal for optimum mining performance.

Consuming merely 0. Keep in mind that exact power consumptions vary, especially depending on which power supply you are using. Take a look at the projected mining profitability of a single miner :. The Antminer R4 hashes at up to 8. BitFury was the first company to release 16nm chips. As the saying goes nothing good comes cheap. With all the awesome features that come with the Antminer R4 you would expect its price to be high.

Its price is among its cons because this may be too high for the average hobby miner. Once you setup your Antminer R4 you will see that its user interface has been well designed with the users in mind. All you have to do is enter your wallet address and mining pool settings before you start mining. It is also possible for you to customize settings such as the fan speed or the frequency.

Your baseline costs will be the difference between mining profitably or losing money. You can think of it as though the miners are a decentralized Paypal. Allowing all the transactions to be recorded accurately and making a bit of money for running the system. Bitcoin miners earn bitcoin by collecting something called the block reward plus the fees bitcoin users pay the miners for safely and securely recording their bitcoin transactions onto the blockchain.

Roughly every ten minutes a specific number of newly-minted bitcoin is awarded to the person with a mining machine that is quickest to discover the new block. Originally, in , Satoshi Nakamoto set the mining reward at 50 BTC, as well as encoding the future reductions to the reward. The Bitcoin code is predetermined to halve this payout roughly every four years.

It was reduced to 25 BTC in late, and halved again to The second source of revenue for Bitcoin miners is the transaction fees that Bitcoiners have to pay when they transfer BTC to one another. This is the beauty of Bitcoin. Every transaction is recorded in an unchangeable blockchain that is copied to every mining machine. Every miner needs to know the relevant tax laws for Bitcoin mining in his area, which is why it is so important to use a crypto tax software that helps you keep track of everything and make sure you are still making enough money after you account for taxes.

First of all, Bitcoin mining has a lot of variables. This is why buying bitcoin on an exchange can be a simpler way to make a profit. However, when done efficiently it is possible to end up with more bitcoin from mining than from simply hodling.

One of the most important variables for miners is the price of Bitcoin itself. If, like most people, you are paying for your mining hardware, and your electricity,- in dollars, then you will need to earn enough bitcoin from mining to cover your ongoing costs; and make back your original investment into the machine itself. Bitcoin price, naturally, impacts all miners.

However, there are three factors that separate profitable miners from the rest: cheap electricity, low cost and efficient hardware and a good mining pool. Electricity prices vary from country to country.

Many countries also charge a lower price for industrial electricity in order to encourage economic growth. This means that a mining farm in Russia will pay half as much for the electricity you would mining at home in the USA. In practical terms. These days there are several hardware manufacturers to choose from.

The price of hardware varies from manufacturer to manufacturer and depends largely on how low the energy use is for the machine vs the amount of computing power it produces. The more computing power, the more bitcoin you will mine. The lower the energy consumption the lower your monthly costs. Longevity is determined by the production quality of the machine. It makes no sense to buy cheaper or seemingly more efficient machines if they break down after a few months of running.

One useful way to think about hardware is to consider what price BTC would have to fall to in order for the machines to stop being profitable. You want your machine to stay profitable for several years in order for you to earn more bitcoin from mining than you could have got by simply buying the cryptocurrency itself. Unfortunately most older machines are now no longer profitable even in China. The Bitmain S9 has been operational since and interestingly enough they are still being used in Venezuela and Iran where electricity is so cheap that it outweighs the risk of confiscation.

There may, eventually, be more reputable sources of sub 2 cents electricity as the access to solar and wind improves in North America. For the individual miner, the only hope of competing with operations that have access to such cheap electricity is to send your machines to those farms themselves. Not many farms offer this as a service though. These days, every miner needs to mine through a mining pool. Whether you are mining with one machine, or several thousand, the network of Bitcoin mining machines is so large that your chances of regularly finding a block and therefore earning the block reward and transaction fees is very low.

With one block per 10 mins they may have to wait 16 years to mine that one block. The oldest two pools are Slush Pool and F2Pool. Here comes the science part…. Pool fees are normally 2. Choosing the right mining pool is very important, as you will receive your mined bitcoin sent from the pool payouts every day.

An often overlooked facet of mining profitability is the fees one pays to sell the Bitcoin one mines. If you are a small time miner, you may have to sell your coins on a retail exchange like kraken or Binance. Sometimes your fees are low but sometimes your fees are high - it really just depends on the fee structure of the exchange and the state of the orderbook at the moment.

However, if you are a professional miner like F2 or Bitmain, you likely have really advantageous deals with OTC desks to sell your coins at little to no fees - depending on the state of the market. Some miners are even paid above spot price for their coins. If you think you have what it takes be mine profitably, we suggest you make sure first by using our mining profitability calculator.

Bitcoin farms that operate at scale use these advantages to maximize their returns. As the difficulty of mining bitcoin increases, and the price lags behind, it is becoming harder and harder for small miners to make a profit. It all comes down to scale and access to cheaper prices.

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Genesis Mining offers three Bitcoin cloud mining plans that are reasonably priced. Zcash mining contracts are also available. Hashing 24 Review : Hashing24 has been involved with Bitcoin mining since They have facilities in Iceland and Georgia.

Minex Review : Minex is an innovative aggregator of blockchain projects presented in an economic simulation game format. Users purchase Cloudpacks which can then be used to build an index from pre-picked sets of cloud mining farms, lotteries, casinos, real-world markets and much more. Minergate Review: Offers both pool and merged mining and cloud mining services for Bitcoin.

Hashnest Review : Hashnest is operated by Bitmain, the producer of the Antminer line of Bitcoin miners. HashNest currently has over Antminer S7s for rent. You can view the most up-to-date pricing and availability on Hashnest's website. NiceHash Review: NiceHash is unique in that it uses an orderbook to match mining contract buyers and sellers. Check its website for up-to-date prices. Eobot claims customers can break even in 14 months.

Some miners available for rent include AntMiner S4s and S5s. Currently, based on 1 price per hash and 2 electrical efficiency the best Bitcoin miner options are:. Once you've received your bitcoin mining hardware, you'll need to download a special program used for Bitcoin mining.

There are many programs out there that can be used for Bitcoin mining, but the two most popular are CGminer and BFGminer which are command line programs. You may want to learn more detailed information on the best bitcoin mining software. Step 3 - Join a Bitcoin Mining Pool Once you're ready to mine bitcoins then we recommend joining a Bitcoin mining pool. Bitcoin mining pools are groups of Bitcoin miners working together to solve a block and share in its rewards.

Without a Bitcoin mining pool, you might mine bitcoins for over a year and never earn any bitcoins. It's far more convenient to share the work and split the reward with a much larger group of Bitcoin miners. Here are some options: For a fully decentralized pool, we highly recommend p2pool.

The following pools are believed to be currently fully validating blocks with Bitcoin Core 0. Copay is a great Bitcoin wallet and functions on many different operating systems. Bitcoin hardware wallets are also available. Bitcoins are sent to your Bitcoin wallet by using a unique address that only belongs to you.

The most important step in setting up your Bitcoin wallet is securing it from potential threats by enabling two-factor authentication or keeping it on an offline computer that doesn't have access to the Internet. Wallets can be obtained by downloading a software client to your computer. For help in choosing a Bitcoin wallet then you can get started here. You will also need to be able to buy and sell your Bitcoins.

What will happen when the global supply of bitcoin reaches its limit? This is the subject of much debate among fans of cryptocurrency. Currently, around This leaves less than three million that have yet to be introduced into circulation. While there can only ever be a maximum of 21 million bitcoin, because people have lost their private keys or have died without leaving their private key instructions to anybody, the actual amount of available bitcoin in circulation could actually be millions less.

The first With only three million more coins to go, it might appear like we are in the final stages of bitcoin mining. This is true but in a limited sense. While it is true that the large majority of bitcoin has already been mined, the timeline is more complicated than that. The bitcoin mining process rewards miners with a chunk of bitcoin upon successful verification of a block.

This process adapts over time. When bitcoin first launched, the reward was 50 bitcoin. In , it halved to 25 bitcoin. In , it halved again to On May 11, , the reward halved again to 6. This effectively lowers Bitcoin's inflation rate in half every four years.

The reward will continue to halve every four years until the final bitcoin has been mined. In actuality, the final bitcoin is unlikely to be mined until around the year However, it's possible the bitcoin network protocol will be changed between now and then.

The bitcoin mining process provides bitcoin rewards to miners, but the reward size is decreased periodically to control the circulation of new tokens. It may seem that the group of individuals most directly affected by the limit of the bitcoin supply will be the bitcoin miners themselves. Some detractors of the protocol claim that miners will be forced away from the block rewards they receive for their work once the bitcoin supply has reached 21 million in circulation.

But even when the last bitcoin has been produced, miners will likely continue to actively and competitively participate and validate new transactions. The reason is that every bitcoin transaction has a transaction fee attached to it. These fees, while today representing a few hundred dollars per block, could potentially rise to many thousands of dollars per block, especially as the number of transactions on the blockchain grows and as the price of a bitcoin rises.

Ultimately, it will function like a closed economy , where transaction fees are assessed much like taxes. It's worth noting that it is projected to take more than years before the bitcoin network mines its very last token. In actuality, as the year approaches, miners will likely spend years receiving rewards that are actually just tiny portions of the final bitcoin to be mined.

The dramatic decrease in reward size may mean that the mining process will shift entirely well before the deadline. It's also important to keep in mind that the bitcoin network itself is likely to change significantly between now and then. Considering how much has happened to bitcoin in just a decade, new protocols, new methods of recording and processing transactions, and any number of other factors may impact the mining process.

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